5 Requirements for OSPF to form a relationship with a neighbor:
1. Hello and Dead timers must match
2. Network mask must match
3. Area ID must match
4. Authentication password must match (if you are using OSPF authentication)
5. Stub Area Flag must match
Also found a great wiki on OSPF best practices: http://wiki.nil.com/OSPF_area_configuration_best_practices
The big difference between IPv4 and IPv6 OSPF configuration on a Cisco router is that the initial configuration has moved to the interface level, instead of using the “network” statements to determine which interfaces will be part of the OSPF process. To get IPv6 OSPF up-and-running, here are the 4 basic commands:
1. Enable ipv6 routing between non-local subnets
router(config)# ipv6 unicast-routing
2. Go into the interface config and enable the OSPF process and area
router(config-if)# ipv6 ospf 100 area 0
3. Go into the ipv6 OSPF global configuration
router(config)# ipv6 router ospf 100
4. Set the ipv6 OSPF router id
router(config-rtr)# router-id X.X.X.X
**NOTICE** Changing these settings can impact your ability to make/receive calls, do not change unless instructed by ShoreTel TAC.
With that said, hopefully this information can be useful if you have a similar situation:
I had two ShoreTel sites within the same area code, HQ site had the PRI, and the Remote site had an analog trunk to be used for primary 911 and secondary voice failover (if the network connection failed between both sites or the PRI went down). The tricky part was having the ShoreTel system prefer the PRI at HQ ONLY for normal voice calls, even though there was a local analog trunk at the Remote site. The ShoreTel system still needed to to prefer the local analog trunk for 911 calls.
Least Cost Routing can only be changed on the Director through the Support Entry mode, accessed by hold Ctrl + Shift and clicking on the “U” in Username. Then login using your normal admin credentials.
Verify that “Parent as Proxy” is not checked (PaP allows normally unroutable calls out the Parent site, like 911, which we don’t want in this scenario)
Navigate to the PRI trunk group, and at the bottom of the page, there is “Trunk Group Dialing Rules”. Click “Edit” and add “;2E;-26A” without the quotation marks. Click “Save” and wait about 2-3 minutes for the changes to take effect and test failover and 911!
If you are used to using the “Default-Information Originate” command with OSPF or EIGRP to easily advertise a default route, you might be surprised to find that solely applying that command within BGP does not advertise a default route. You must also use “Redistribute Static” in conjunction with “Default-Information Originate”. Your BGP config would look something like this:
router bgp 65000
neighbor 10.10.10.10 remote-as 65010
Both commands are needed whether you are using eBGP or iBGP
ShoreTel AD integration is pretty simple, just a couple of important steps to remember:
1. To use AD integration, check “Enable AD Integration” under System Parameters -> Other
2. ShoreTel is a top-level LDAP reader, so you do not need to specify certain OUs. Your LDAP string should look like this:
3. At least one system administrator account has to be AD enabled for ShoreTel to use and perform LDAP lookups. To use the “Test” or “Sync” buttons on an AD enabled user, you must be logged in with an administrator account that is AD enabled.
Great informational article regarding ShoreTel TMSNcc logs: http://www.netdungeon.com/articles/how-decipher-tmsncclog
Call Code Parameters:
||Call Creation Event
||Leg Create Event
||Follows a C-CE; Internal Transfers
||Leg Info Event
||Provides information on other parties in the call.
||Call State Event
State of call in progress; RingBack, Offering, etc.
||Leg State Event
||Follows a C-SE to inform the leg state changes.
||Leg Destroy Event
||Call tear down; Leg is destroyed.
||Call Destroy Event
||Call Destroyed by user or system hung up.
||Media State Event
||Media states for the terminated call leg.
Example from the article linked above:
|Trunk Call Leg To PSTN
|Internal Call Leg
|PBX Responding to Party
(s:1, r:378, l:0),(j:0,u:0,o:0)
The above packet information lists sent and recieved packets, and jitter. This is very useful in understanding why calls fail. In many cases we will see issues with jitter readjustments during problem or dropped calls. The s:1 indicates 1 packet was sent, the r:378 indicates 378 packets were recieved. The second set of parentheses (j:0,u:0,o:0) describes the jitter buffer, and in this case was adjusted 0 times. This is more of an ideal scenario as problem calls will vary in their jitter and packet amounts.
To run OSPF on HP switches, you will most likely need the “Premium” software license. Once you have that, configuring OSPF is fairly easy, although different from the Cisco approach:
For example, I want to enable OSPF in area 0 on my HP core switch (HP 5406):
1. Enter OSPF configuration
2. Define the OSPF areas to be used
3. HP runs OSPF under the VLAN configuration, so enter the VLAN that will be communicating with your other OSPF enabled devices and then enable the OSPF area
(vlan-10)#ip ospf area backbone
4. Once your configuration is complete, enable the OSPF process
(config)#router ospf enable
You can verify your OSPF status and neighbors:
#show ip ospf general
#show ip ospf neighbor